(What a pain in the a$$)
(Photo by Dominik Vanyi on Unsplash)
Victory! Aaaaaaaand that was quite the exercise in futility.
I had been asked to pick up my mining rig from the space it was operating in. Well, it wasn’t running anymore; it was just taking up space. I ran a small mining rig that was mining UBIQ for the majority of 2018. It was a small rig (did I mention it was small), and over the course of that year it didn’t make very much in mining rewards.
Note: mining rewards are taxable as income to US citizens
UBIQ went through a hard fork in late 2018 to change their hashing algorithm to Ubqhash. This meant that the current mining software used to mine the rewards for that chain would need to be updated. I can’t remember what the issues were, but the platforms that were currently mining UBIQ were no longer going to work. So I shut the rig down and it sat for a couple months. When I was asked to pick up all the gear, I thought it would be fun to setup the rig at my apartment and work through a proof-of-concept to get a new system up and running. Well, that turned out to be quite the adventure.
The goal was to get the ubqminer working on a Ubuntu installation. The incentive was fun, what was delivered was pain.
Skip down to Here is what worked to avoid all the complaining to follow.
This information is correct as of March 31st, 2019. As I quickly and repeatedly found out, most of the information on the internet is often old, out of date, and creates confusion. The following is a description of what worked for me. My hope is that this may help someone else, save their time, their patience, and their hair.
Ubuntu 16.04 was always said to be an inferior platform for mining as the 14.04 fglrx drivers were not supported. Ubuntu 18.04 seemed to be a better option. It is a newer build, surely the gpu drivers must work. Make no assumptions.
I have three AMD RX570 GPU cards that I was planning to mine with. I began with a Ubuntu 18.04 build and downloaded the AMDGPU the RX570 drivers, which is a zipped file. There are instructions which list the process for unzipping and installation. Of course there is an immediate issue, as there are variants that can, and need to be, installed. The critical information is that this rig will use multiple cards and two of the GPUs will run headless. Long story short, after hours, and days, of installing with the variants, blowing up the system, looking at every AMDGPU issue online, adjusting the grub file, corrupting the hard drive (many times), reinstalling Ubuntu, and repeating the process, I could never get Ubuntu 18.04 to run three AMD GPUs with ubqminer. I asked for help in the UBIQ Discord mining channel, which resulted in the advice of using a different miner. I tried that, I built ubqminer from the source code, I tried more combinations than I can recall, and nothing worked. Very frustrating.
The main issues were with OpenCL not being installed, or not being available, resulting in segmentation faults and dumping the core, to being able to mine with the main GPU, but the system getting stuck with AMD-Vi: Completion-Unit loop timed out when the headless cards were plugged in. Not happy.
I am sure there are those who are mining with Ubuntu 18.04, and it would be nice to know what combination of magic, ninja linux commands came together to allow their system to work. But there is no incentive to give away the secret sauce. I did read a handful of mining guides, which I applaud the authors for, but many were out of date, or using drivers I couldn’t find. That is another annoying thing, versioning. One set of drivers will be listed in a guide, but newer drivers are available. Which drivers to use? Newer drivers should be better, and the forums state that the newer drivers fixed the previous issues. Use the new drivers, those drivers don’t work. :/
The furthest I got with 18.04 was mining with one card.
I eventually went back to Ubuntu 16.04.
This is the system that I eventually got to mine multiple AMD GPUs, one seated in the motherboard and two headless.
Install Ubuntu 16.04
Update the system.
sudo apt udpate && sudo apt -y upgrade
Download the AMDGPU-PRO drivers.
16.04 driver instructions:
Where ever that is downloaded (for me in ~/Downloads)
tar -Jxvf amdgpu-pro-17.30-NNNNNN.tar.xz
(note the capital “J” in there)
Change into that unzipped directory:
Reboot the system:
Not necessary but I did it:
sudo usermod -a -G video $LOGNAME
sudo apt install -y rocm-amdgpu-pro
Set permanent link to clinfo:
echo 'export LLVM_BIN=/opt/amdgpu-pro/bin' | sudo tee /etc/profile.d/amdgpu-pro.sh
This doesn’t work, but you can use the clinfo package:
sudo apt install -y clinfo
Set up Grub boot configuration so the system will boot when multiple cards are plugged in.
sudo vim /etc/default/grub
(I use vim, nano would also work)
Change the following lines:
to -> ```GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash amdgpu.vm_fragment_size=9"``` ```GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="amd_iommu=on iommu=pt"``` Save that and exit the configuration file. Make sure grub is updated for the reboot: ```bash sudo update-grub
Shutdown the system and plug in the other cards.
Turn it back on and…
If it boots, check if OpenCL registers the cards:
Hopefully all the cards are displayed…hopefully
Unzip that file. It contains the executable which can be run from within the folder with the appropriate pool flags.
./ubqminer --farm-recheck 200 -G stratum2+tcp://someUbiqAddress.rigName@us.ubiqpool.io:8008
The above is a mish mash of a walk thru. For those who are familiar, the relevant configuration for me was the grub config, and Ubuntu 16.04 with the ROCm drivers.
The purpose of the above is to speed up the process for someone else who wants to tinker. But miner beware: this isn’t profitable, nor worth the time, other than to tinker. I have three GPUs running for a total hash rate of 65Mh/s. The current top miner on Ubiqpool.io has 4.52Gh/s and the last miners on the short list top out around 120Mh/s. At 21Mh/s per 4GB GPU, these miners have about 6 cards per rig. Getting to a Gigahash is going to involve a small warehouse.
I ran the rig for a few hours (maybe around four) and registered less than 1 UBQ in rewards in that time. The fans on the cards are loud-ish and makes my room hot. It isn’t something I would casually keep running, not to mention when equipment fails the rig goes down, and equipment fails all the time. I have four dead 1 TB hard drives sitting at my feet, carnage from the process (they were dead from previous use). As is always the case with mining, and something I learned long ago from past mining pursuits, if you want cryptocurrency, just buy it. It is cheaper and easier to acquire by outright purchase than by way of mining.
Enjoy your lambo!
disclaimer: these musings are offered, at best, as educational, and at worst for entertainment purposes. Do not take action on the descriptions above, as they contain risks, and are not intended as financial advice. Do not do anything above.